Losing hair is a common phenomenon happening when you wash or brush your hair. “On average, we lose fifty to a hundred hairs a days,” says Francesca Fusco, MD, a New York City dermatologist who specializes in hair loss. “That is just hair going through its cycles, and there will be a new one to replace it.
The so called hair loss is a symptom that the number of your losing hair exceeds the average. For some people who suffer from severe hair loss, they may even need to wear wigs to cover their baldness. Besides, to some extent, hair loss may be a sign of a more serious medical condition which is in need of a diagnosis by a doctor and possible treatment. Here is some detailed information about 3 types of hair loss.
- Telogen Effluvium
When it comes to the cause of hair loss, telogen effluvium certainly is on the top list. Telogen effluvium is a phenomenon that occurs after pregnancy, major surgery, drastic weight loss, or extreme stress, in which you shed a large number of hair every day, usually when shampooing, styling or brushing. Why is it called telogen effluvium? In general, hair goes through three phases, of which the telogen phase ranks the last. If your hair sheds faster than normal before moving into the shedding phase, it means that you may suffer from telogen effluvium.
The symptoms: If you are going through telogen effluvium, you can notice hair loss which lasts from 6 weeks to 3 months. This always happens after a stressful event. The more stress you bear, the more hair you may shed.
What you can do: Sometimes when facing hair loss, you can do nothing but wait for the period passing by, especially in the cases of pregnancy or major surgery. If medication is what to be blamed, you should ask your doctor for advice, lowering your dosage or switching drugs. If your hair loss is caused by stress, try your best to relax yourself.
- Androgenetic Alopecia
According to the American Academy of Dermatology, androgenetic alopeica, or hereditary hair loss is the most common cause of hair loss. If you go through hair loss that is genetic, it means that you inherit relative gene from your mother’s or father’s side of the family or both.
The symptoms: According to Pamela Jakubowicz, MD, a dermatologist at Montefiore Medical Center in New York City, women suffering from this trait tend to develop thinning at the hairline behind the bangs. Most of the time, the condition starts as early as your 20s. And it will go worse with time going on, even spreading across the entire scalp.
What you can do: Applying minoxidil twice a week may be effective to some extent, both to men and women. If you are a female, it is suggested that you use a lower-strength formula so as to avoid unnecessary side effects. What should be kept in mind is that you should not use it during pregnancy or nursing.
- Iron Deficiency Anemia
The deficiency of iron may lead to hair loss. If you do not eat enough iron-rich food or have heavy periods, you are apt to iron deficiency. For those who have iron deficiency, they would not have enough red blood cells to transport oxygen to cells throughout their bodies, which may cause hair loss.
The Symptoms: Certain phenomena may come along with iron deficiency anemia, such as extreme fatigue and pale skin. Besides, you may be faced with headaches, difficulty concentrating, cold hands and feet, and hair loss.
What you can do: Of course, it will work if you eat iron-rich foods, like beef, pork, fish, leafy greens, fortifies cereals, and beans. Besides, it may be more effective coming along with your intake of vitamin C, because vitamin C enhances iron absorption.